CHROMIUM - SERUM

Code
900.1162
Name
CHROMIUM - SERUM
Category
None
Department
Send-Out
Start Date
Expiration Date
Synonyms
Chromate
CPT Codes
82495
Site
SBMF
Reference Test
44079
ATLAS Test Code

CHROMIUM

Specimen Information

Type

SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS, CALL LAB

Volume

Transport Info

Fasting Required?
True
Patient Instructions

Reference Range

Less than or equal to 5.0 µg/L

Methodology

Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS)

Clinical Significance

A variety of industrial processes use chromium (Cr), contributing to environmental contamination. Occupational exposure to chromium occurs in the manufacturing of stainless steel, chrome plating, tanned leather, textile dyes, cleaning solutions, and coolants. Workers at risk should be monitored. The most toxic form is Cr(VI), which is reduced intracellularly to nontoxic Cr(III). Claims that chromium has a protective role in preventing impaired glucose tolerance and lipid abnormalities have led to potentially dangerous self-supplementation. The benefits claimed for chromium supplementation have not been adequately proven. Chromium has been reported to be an essential element.

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