ETHYLENE GLYCOL

Code
000.0000
Name
ETHYLENE GLYCOL
Category
None
Department
Send-Out
Start Date
Expiration Date
Synonyms
Antifreeze
CPT Codes
82693
Site
SBMF
Reference Test
31038
ATLAS Test Code

Specimen Information

Type

Gray, Fluoride

If needed STAT, specimen will be sent to Memorial Medical Center, Springfield, IL.

Volume

6.0 ml

Transport Info

Refrigerated

Fasting Required?
False
Patient Instructions

Reference Range

Less than 5 mg/dL

Methodology

Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS)

Clinical Significance

Ethylene Glycol (EG) is the primary component of many antifreeze solutions. Given its physical properties, EG may be considered a derivative of ethyl alcohol (drinking alcohol). The inebriating effects of EG may account for its occasional use as an intoxicating beverage.EG ingestion is a relatively infrequent, but important, cause of acute clinical intoxication. It is estimated that 40?60 people die per year due to EG poisoning. The ingestion of EG may result in severe central nervous system depression, cardiopulmonary failure, acute renal failure, severe metabolic acidosis and death.

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