ELECTROLYTES

Code
400.1375
Name
ELECTROLYTES
Category
None
Department
Chemistry
Start Date
Expiration Date
Synonyms
Lytes
CPT Codes
80051
Site
Main Lab
Reference Test
ATLAS Test Code

Specimen Information

Type

Gold, SST

Volume

1.0 ml

Transport Info

Refrigerated
48 hour stability

Fasting Required?
False
Patient Instructions

Reference Range

See Report

Methodology

Ion-selective Electrode (ISE)

Clinical Significance

Monitor electrolyte status; screen water balance; diagnose respiratory and metabolic acid-base balance; evaluate hydrational status, diarrhea, dehydration follow ketoacidosis in diabetes mellitus, and other disorders.

The role of electrolytes in the human body is manifold. There are almost no metabolic processes that are not dependent on or affected by electrolytes. Among other functions of the electrolytes are maintenance of osmotic pressure and water distribution in the various body fluid compartments, maintenance of the proper pH, regulation of the proper function of the heart and other muscles, involvement in oxidation-reduction reactions, and participation in catalysis of cofactors for enzymes.

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