Summer Safety Tips
As you head into the great outdoors this summer, keep safety in mind.
Sunscreens protect the skin. They play an important role in blocking ultraviolet (UV) radiation from being absorbed by the skin. UV radiation damages the skin and can lead to sunburns and skin cancer. No sunscreen blocks UV radiation 100%. But they allow you to be outdoors for a longer time before your skin starts to redden. Using sunscreen doesn't mean you can stay out in the sun for an unlimited amount of time. Damage to your skin cells is still occurring.
- Wear hats, sunglasses
- Wear sunscreen and reapply every two hours
- Seek shade during mid-day hours
Heat Exhaustion / Stroke
Other risks include heat stroke and heat exhaustion. Signs of heat exhaustion include nausea, fatigue, dizziness, weakness or rapid pulse. Someone suffering from heat exhaustion can recover by resting in the shade and drinking cool fluids. Heat stroke is life-threatening. The main sign is an altered mental state, but other signs include seizures, agitation, confusion, slurred speech or loss of consciousness.
If someone is suffering from heat stroke, immediately call 911 and immerse the person in, or douse them with, cold water.
Drowning is one of summer's risks. It only takes a few seconds and can happen without an obvious struggle. Adults must always closely supervise children when they're in the water and should always be within arm's reach. Ocean currents can be menacing. If you're caught in a rip current, swim parallel to shore. Once free of the current, swim diagonally to shore.
When you go hiking, wear hiking shoes with a good grip. Never climb on or around waterfalls and never play in the stream or river above a waterfall. Watch children carefully and stay on designated trails and observation decks and platforms. Be cautious around steep drop-offs. Stay one body length away from the edge of cliffs and don't climb or walk over rocks at the edge of cliffs as they may be unstable.