Cardiac rehabilitation (cardiac rehab) is a professionally supervised program designed by your healthcare team. It will help you recover from your heart problem and reduce your risk of future heart problems. You may be helped by cardiac rehab if you have certain heart conditions or if you have certain heart procedures. These include stable angina, heart attack, stable heart failure, coronary artery bypass surgery, heart valve surgery, angioplasty with or without a stent, or heart-lung transplant
Along with a tailored exercise program, cardiac rehab provides education and counseling to improve health. The cardiac rehab program includes:
- An assessment of your health
- Managing your risk factors such as high cholesterol, blood pressure, and diabetes
- Education on diet and medicines
- Exercise training
- Losing weight
- Quitting smoking
- Emotional aspects such as stress, anxiety, or depression
It’s important to talk with your provider about the health benefits of enrolling in a cardiac rehab program. .
Your rehab program
Your cardiac rehab program may start while you’re still in the hospital. After you leave the hospital, you may go to a facility for rehab classes. You’ll regain some strength and learn how to exercise safely. Once you do that, your healthcare provider may prescribe an exercise program for you to do at a gym or at home.
As an inpatient
You may start light exercise within 2 days of entering the hospital once you receive the healthcare provider’s approval. Your activity may be limited based on the procedure you had such as bypass surgery, valve replacement, coronary angioplasty, or coronary stenting.
As an outpatient
As early as 1 to 2 weeks after leaving the hospital, you can join a supervised rehab program. Ask for a referral from your healthcare provider. Before leaving the hospital, your healthcare provider can provide contact and enrollment information. See if your healthcare team can get an appointment set up before you are discharged home.
- Exercises will be prescribed to help you build strength and movement. The first month will most likely include easier exercises. Over time, you’ll exercise harder to improve your endurance.
- Your heart, oxygen saturation, and blood pressure may be monitored as you work.
- Cardiac rehab programs are tailored to meet your needs. Some people may participate in the program for 6 weeks while others will participate 6 months or longer.
- Some people may not have access to a facility based cardiac rehab. Home-based cardiac rehab is considered in some cases for some people. Ask your provider if this is an option for you.
Maintain the benefits to your health
Don’t stop once you’ve finished your program! Make what you learned in rehab a regular part of your life. Here are some tips:
- Work out at home or at a gym. Try watching a new workout video each week. Take an exercise class. Find something that keeps you interested.
- Ask family and friends to help you stay motivated. The healthy lifestyle changes can benefit them as well by partnering up and working out together.
- Make other lifestyle changes to improve your heart and overall health. Quit smoking. Make changes to lower your stress. Lose excess weight. And lower your blood pressure and cholesterol.
- It’s important to keep an open conversation with your healthcare provider about your progress and goals.